Alzheimer’s Disease & Cognitive Disorders

Living Well

Know the facts and take heart: Memory loss is not an inevitable part of aging. While there is no cure today, treatments are available to maximize quality of life and slow the progression of symptoms.

The Facts

Memory loss is the most common sign of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but it’s not the only symptom.  Others include difficulty concentrating, problems with words, poor judgment, social withdrawal, mood changes and a tendency to misplace things.

AD is the most common form of dementia, a general term for loss of memory and other cognitive abilities. According to the Alzheimer's Association:

  • Some 5.5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s disease
  • Most people with AD are 65 or older, but roughly 200,000 are under 65 and have younger-onset AD
  • AD is the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States

Increasing age is the primary risk factor: After age 65, the risk of getting the disorder doubles every five years, reaching 50 percent in adults 85 and older.

Learning Together

For individuals and families looking to learn more, our Caregiver and Community programming can help with a variety of educational materials and conversations.

We’re constantly learning more, too. Researchers at Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health are in the forefront of ongoing efforts to create a better future for those living with these devastating brain disorders. 

Beyond Alzheimer’s

The neurology team at the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health treats AD and a range of other dementias, including:

  • Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)
  • Young-onset dementia
  • Vascular dementia
  • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)
  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)
  • Primary progressive aphasia (PPA)

Reduce Your Risk

Make a difference for yourself and your family. You can do your part to stave off cognitive loss. By ramping up your physical and mental activity and making other simple lifestyle changes, you can improve the odds that you’ll continue to live dementia-free.

Give yourself the gift of better brain health with a free, online brain self-assessment. Learn how the Six Pillars of Brain Health can help you at, an innovative website developed by the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health and supported by Keep Memory Alive and the Caesars Foundation.